Centimeter Waves

Biofizika. 2009 Mar-Apr;54(2):256-9.

The role of protein kinase SAPK/JNK in cell responses to low-intensity nonionizing radiation.

[Article in Russian]

Cherenkov DA, Novoselova EG, Khrenov MO, Glushkova OV, Lunin SM, Novoselova TV, Fesenko EE.

Abstract

The effect of low-intensity lases light (0.2 mW/cm2, 632.8 nm, exposure time 1 min) or centimeter waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 W/cm2, exposure time 1 h) on PhosphoSAPK/JNK production in mice lymphocytes was investigated. Normal isolated spleen lymphocytes or cells incubated previously with geldanamycin, an inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), were used in the experiments. A significant stimulation of PhosphoSAPK/JNK production in lymphocytes after treatment with laser light or microwaves has been shown in both cell models. It was proposed that the activation of SAPK/JNK signal pathway plays one of the central roles in cellular stress response to low-power nonionizing radiation.

Biofizika. 2008 Jan-Feb;53(1):93-9.

The role of heat shock proteins HSP90 in the response of immune cells to centimeter microwaves.

[Article in Russian]

Glushkova OV, Novoselova EG, Khrenov MO, Novoselova TV, Cherenkov DA, Lunin SM, Fesenko EE.

Abstract

The effects of low-level electromagnetic waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 microW/cm2, 1 h) on the production of heat shock proteins, several cytokines, and nitric oxide in isolated mouse macrophages and lymphocytes were examined both under normal conditions and after the treatment of the cells with geldanamycin (GA), a depressor of activity of the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). The irradiation of cells without GA induced the production of Hsp70, nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and the tumor necrosis factor -alpha (TNF-alpha). No changes in the production of Hsp90 in irradiated cells were observed, but intracellular locations of Hsp25 and Hsp70 altered. The preliminary treatment of cells with GA did not remove the effects of microwaves: in these conditions, the synthesis of all cytokines tested, nitric oxide, as well as total and membrane amount of Hsp70, and the amount of Hsp25 in the cytoplasm and cytoskeleton increased. Moreover, the exposure of cells incubated with GA resulted in the reduction of Hsp90-alpha production.

Biofizika. 2007 Sep-Oct;52(5):938-46.

Effects of centimeter waves on the immune system of mice in endotoxic shock.

[Article in Russian]

Glushkova OV, Novoselova EG, Cherenkov DA, Novoselova TV, Lunin SM, Khrenov MO, Parfeniuk SB, Fesenko EE.

Abstract

The effects of centimeter waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 microW/cm2, 1 h daily for 10 days; MW) on the production of the tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-lalpha, interleukin-1beta, interleukin-2, and the expression of interleukin-6, interleukin-10, interferon-gamma, nitric oxide and HSP27, HSP72 and HSP90alpha in mice irradiated before or after LPS injection were studied. An acute endotoxic model was produced by a single LPS injection. The effects of microwaves on nitric oxide, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma were dependent on the functional status of exposed animals. Thus, an exposure of healthy mice to microwaves for 10 days was followed by a decrease in nitric oxide and interferon-gamma production, and an increase in the production of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6. On the contrary, an exposure to MW before intoxication resulted in an increase in the synthesis of nitric oxide and interferon-gamma as well as a decrease in the concentration of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in blood of mice in endotoxic shock. When microwave exposure was used after LPS injection, it did not provide any protective effect, and preliminary irradiation enhanced the resistance of the organism to endotoxic shock.

Biofizika. 2007 Sep-Oct;52(5):888-92.

The role of transcription factors in the response of mouse lymphocytes to low-level electromagnetic and laser radiations.

[Article in Russian]

Khrenov MO, Cherenkov DA, Glushkova OV, Novoselova TV, Lunin SM, Parfeniuk SB, Lysenko EA, Novoselova EG, Fesenko EE.

Abstract

The effects of low-intensity laser radiation (LILR, 632.8 nm, 0.2 mW/cm2) and low-intensity electromagnetic waves (LIEW, 8.15 – 18 GHz, 1 MW/cm2) on the production of transcription factors in lymphocytes from NMRI male mice were examined. The total level of NF-KB and its phosphorylated metabolite Phospho-NF-kappaB, as well as the regulatory protein IkappaB-alpha were determined in spleen lymphocytes subjected to laser or microwave radiations. The proteins were determined by immunoblotting. Laser light induced a lowering in the level of NF-kappaB and IkappaB-alpha. By contrast, irradiation with electromagnetic waves resulted in a significant increase in the amount of NF-kappaB and IkappaB-alpha. The phosphorylated form of NF-kappaB did not noticeably change under either of the two kinds of radiation. The results showed that electromagnetic waves activate the production of both NF-kappaB and the regulatory protein IkappaB-alpha and these data confirm the stress character of the response of spleen lymphocytes to low-level microwaves of the centimeter range.

Biofizika. 2004 May-Jun;49(3):545-50.

A comparison of the effects of millimeter and centimeter waves on tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells.

[Article in Russian]

Sinotova OA, Novoselova EG, Glushkova OV, Fesenko EE.

Abstract

The effects of millimeter (40 GHz) and centimeter (8.15-18.00 GHz) low-intensity waves on the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNE) in macrophages and lymphocytes from exposed mice as well as in exposed isolated cells were compared. It was found that the dynamics of TNF secretory activity of cells varies depending on the frequency and duration of exposure. The application of millimeter waves induced a nonmonotonous course of the dose-effect curve for TNF changes in macrophages and splenocytes. Alternately, a stimulation and a decrease in TNF production were observed following the application of millimeter waves. On the contrary, centimeter waves provoked an activation in cytokine production. It is proposed that, in contrast to millimeter waves, the single application of centimeter waves to animals (within 2 to 96 h) or isolated cells (within 0.5 to 2.5 h) induced a much more substantial stimulation of immunity.

Biofizika. 2003 May-Jun;48(3):511-20.

Effect of low intensity of electromagnetic radiation in the centimeter and millimeter range on proliferative and cytotoxic activity of murine spleen lymphocytes.

[Article in Russian]

Oga? VB, Novoselova EG, Fesenko EE.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290 Russia.

Abstract

It was found that single total-body exposure to electromagnetic centimeter waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 microW/cm2, 5 h) stimulated the proliferation of mouse T and B splenic lymphocytes. The same effects were observed upon in vivo treatment of rats for 5 h with millimeter waves (42.2 GHz, amplitude modulation 10 Hz, 1 microW/cm2). The whole-body irradiation with centimeter or millimeter waves did not cause any significant changes in natural activity of killer cells. The cellular responses induced by the irradiation of isolated animal cells in vitro did not coincide with those revealed after the total-body irradiation of animals. Thus, the in vitro irradiation of natural killer cells to millimeter waves for 1 h increased their cytotoxic activity whereas, after treatment to centimeter waves for the same time, the activity of killer cells did not change. On the contrary, irradiation of T and B lymphocytes with millimeter waves (42.2 GHz, amplitude modulation 10 Hz, 1 microW/cm2, 1 h) suppressed the blasttransformation of cells. The results show a higher immunostimulative potential of centimeter waves as compared to millimeter waves.

Biofizika. 2003 Mar-Apr;48(2):281-8.

Immunocorrective effect of low intensity radiation of ultrahigh frequency on carcinogenesis in mice.

[Article in Russian]

Glushkova OV, Novoselova EG, Sinotova OA, Fesenko EE.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290 Russia.

Abstract

The effect of low-intensity centimeter electromagnetic waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 microW/cm2, 1.5 h daily, 20 days) on the production of tumor necrosis factor, intreleukin-2, and interleukin-3 and the expression of the heat shock protein 72 in healthy and tumor-bearing mice was measured. A significant increase in tumor necrosis factor production and a slight reduction of interleukin-2 concentration were observed after exposure to microwaves; we consider these effects as adaptive response. The interleukin-3 production in healthy mice was not affected by microwaves. Low-intensity centimeter waves induced antitumoral resistance in tumor-bearing mice. Thus, exposure of tumor-bearing mice led to a significant rise in the tumor necrosis factor production and the normalization of both interleukin-2 and interleukin-3 concentration. We assume that the significant immunomodulating effect of low-density centimeter microwaves can be used for immunocorrection and suppression of tumor growth.

Biofizika. 2002 Mar-Apr;47(2):376-81.

Immunomodulating effect of electromagnetic waves on production of tumor necrosis factor in mice with various rates of neoplasm growth.

[Article in Russian]

Glushkova OV, Novoselova EG, Sinotova OA, Vrublevskaia VV, Fesenko EE.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290 Russia.

Abstract

The effects of low-density centimeter waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 microW/cm2, 1 h daily for 14 days; MW) on tumor necrosis factor production in macrophages of mice with different growth rate of a cancer solid model produced after hypodermic injection of Ehrlich carcinoma ascites cells into hind legs were studied. After irradiation, an increase in the concentration of tumor necrosis factor in immunocompetent cells of healthy and, specially, of tumor-bearing animals was observed; and the effect of stimulation was higher upon exposure of mice carrying rapidly growing tumors. We suggest that the significant immunomodulating effect of low-density microwaves can be utilized for tumor growth suppression.

Biofizika. 2002 Jan-Feb;47(1):78-82.

Effect of electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range on the production of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-3 in immunized mice.

[Article in Russian]

Sinotova OA, Novoselova EG, Oga? VB, Glushkova OV, Fesenko EE.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290 Russia.

Abstract

The effect of prolonged treatment with weak microwaves on the production of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-3 in peritoneal macrophages and T cells of male NMRI mice twice immunized by affinity-purified carboanhydrase was studied. Against the back ground of a high titer of antibody production, a significant increase in the production of tumor necrosis factor in peritoneal macrophages and splenic T lymphocytes of immunized mice was revealed, and a much stronger effect was observed for irradiated immunized animals. A tendency to increased secretion of interleukin-3 for unirradiated and irradiated immunized animals was found; in the latter group of animals, the effect being more pronounced. The stimulation of production of the cytokins, especially tumor necrosis factor, by combination of antigenic stimulation and microwaves can be used in adjuvant therapy of various immune diseases.

Biofizika. 2001 Jan-Feb;46(1):131-5.

Effect of centimeter microwaves and the combined magnetic field on the tumor necrosis factor production in cells of mice with experimental tumors.

[Article in Russian]

Novoselova EG, Oga? VB, Sorokina OV, Novikov VV, Fesenko EE.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290 Russia.

Abstract

The effect of fractionated exposure to low-intensity microwaves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 microW/cm2, 1.5 h daily for 7 days) and combined weak magnetic field (constant 65 1 microT; alternating–100 nT, 3-10 Hz) on the production of tumor necrosis factor in macrophages of mice with experimental solid tumors produced by transplantation of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma was studied. It was found that exposure of mice to both microwaves and magnetic field enhanced the adaptive response of the organism to the onset of tumor growth: the production of tumor necrosis factor in peritoneal macrophages of tumor-bearing mice was higher than in unexposed mice.

Biofizika. 1999 Jul-Aug;44(4):737-41.

Stimulation of murine natural killer cells by weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range.

[Article in Russian]

Fesenko EE, Novoselova EG, Semiletova NV, Agafonova TA, Sadovnikov VB.

Institute of Cell Biophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia.

Abstract

Irradiation with electromagnetic waves (8.15-18 GHz, 1 Hz within, 1 microW/cm2) in vivo increases the cytotoxic activity of natural killer cells of rat spleen. In mice exposed for 24-72 h, the activity of natural killer cells increased by 130-150%, the increased level of activity persisting within 24 h after the cessation of treatment. Microwave irradiation of animals in vivo for 3.5 and 5 h, and a short exposure of splenic cells in vitro did not affect the activity of natural killer cells.

Biofizika. 1998 Nov-Dec;43(6):1132-3.

Stimulation of production of tumor necrosis factor by murine macrophages when exposed in vio and in vitro to weak electromagnetic waves in the centimeter range.

[Article in Russian]

Novoselova ET, Fesenko EE.

Abstract

Whole-body microwave sinusoidal irradiation of male NMRI mice, exposure of macrophages in vitro, and preliminary irradiation of culture medium with 8.15-18 GHz (1 Hz within) at a power density of 1 microW/cm2 caused a significant enhancement of tumor necrosis factor production in peritoneal macrophages. The role of microwaves as a factor interfering with the process of cell immunity is discussed.

Lik Sprava. 1992 Oct;(10):69-71.

The brain function of animals exposed to the action of centimeter electromagnetic waves.

[Article in Russian]

Smolia AL, Bezdol’naia IS.

Abstract

It was established that centimeter electromagnetic waves (EMW) are a biologically active factor. Dynamic of changes of behavioural reactions under the effect of EMW evidences instability of the functional state of the brain EMW densities of 1000, 1500 mW/cm2 produce a response characterized by inhibition of motor activity.

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 1992 Mar-Apr;(2):3-7.

The immunological and hormonal effects of combined exposure to a bitemporal ultrahigh-frequency electrical field and to decimeter waves at different sites.

[Article in Russian]

Sidorov VF, Pershin SB, Frenkel’ ID, Bobkova AS, Korovkina EG.

Abstract

Bitemporal UHF electric field is shown to enhance glucocorticoid adrenal function unlike inhibition of the thyroid function suppressing a primary immune response (PIR) in the productive phase. The combined exposure to bitemporal UHF electric field and decimeter waves of the adrenals doubles glucocorticoid synthesis abolishing the inhibitory action of the UHF therapy on thyroid function resultant in much more suppressed PIR. Both modalities inhibit thymic production. Decimeter waves alone are less effective. The exposure of the thyroid to decimeter waves initiated PIR by 2.5-fold activation of medullar lymphocytes and by a 80% increase in the thymic function. No response was achieved in combined action on the thyroid of the electric field and decimeter waves.

Tsitologiia. 1988 Nov;30(11):1345-9.

Effect of microwaves on the expression by thymocytes of various surface membrane markers.

[Article in Russian]

Evstropov VM, Melikhova ON.

Abstract

A study was made of the effects of microwave irradiation of different intensity within decimeter and centimeter ranges in vitro on the guinea-pig thymocyte-induced receptor expression to their own and rabbit erythrocytes. Besides, effects of decimeter waves on mice thymocyte-induced expression of Thy-1 antigen were studied. Microwaves were found to modulate the thymocyte-induced expression of the membrane surface markers under study.

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